Useful Information

What is a bonded warehouse?

A bonded warehouse, or bond, is a building or other secured area in which dutiable goods may be stored, manipulated, or undergo manufacturing operations without payment of duty. It may be managed by the state or by private enterprise. In the latter case a customs bond must be posted with the government. This system exists in all developed countries of the world.

Upon entry of goods into the warehouse, the importer and warehouse proprietor incur liability under a bond. This liability is generally cancelled when the goods are:

  • exported; or deemed exported;
  • withdrawn for supplies to a vessel or aircraft in international traffic;
  • destroyed under Customs supervision; or
  • withdrawn for consumption domestically after payment of duty.

While the goods are in the bonded warehouse, they may, under supervision by the customs authority, be manipulated by cleaning, sorting, repacking, or otherwise changing their condition by processes that do not amount to manufacturing. After manipulation, and within the warehousing period, the goods may be exported without the payment of duty, or they may be withdrawn for consumption upon payment of duty at the rate applicable to the goods in their manipulated condition at the time of withdrawal. In the United States, goods may remain in the bonded warehouse up to five years from the date of importation. Bonded warehouses provide specialized storage services such as deep freeze or bulk liquid storage, commodity processing, and coordination with transportation, and are an integral part of the global supply chain.

What are the types of bonded warehouses?

Depending on the country or region, there are various options for the storage of goods in a bonded warehouse.

Temporary storage premises (RTO)
Temporary storage premises offer the possibility of storing goods that enter the customs territory of the EU awaiting further customs-approved use or treatment.

Type B customs warehouse
The type B customs warehouse is a public customs warehouse. This means that the administrator (warehouse keeper) can make the premises available to anyone that wants to store goods under customs control.

Type C customs warehouse
A type C customs warehouse is a private customs warehouse. This means that only the administrator of the customs warehouse (warehouse keeper) can store goods in it. These goods do not have to be his property, for that matter: he can also store goods on behalf of others. In that case as well, the warehouse keeper will remain responsible to Customs for the goods kept in storage. The warehouse keeper is also the person that has to provide security to Customs.

Type D and E customs warehouses
Type D and E customs warehouses are private customs warehouses, which means that only the administrator (warehouse keeper) is allowed to store goods in them.

Free warehouse
A Public Bonded Warehouse is a building or premises guarded and locked by Customs. Within this building or these premises, anyone can store goods.

Special economic zone or Free zone
Unlike a free warehouse, a special economic zone is not a building or premises, but a location. This location is a geographical area which has been carefully charted and recorded. Sometimes these areas are known as bonded logistics parks.

Implementation
Depending on different countries, it is difficult to choose what kind of warehouse should be chosen for different situations, for example, goods may be entered for temporary warehouse and afterwards for consuming locally or they may be transported out-bound to another country and are placed in warehouse for a while, or they are entered for warehouse waiting for retailers to transfer them.

Under such a complex circumstances, many importers and exporters try to use automation to help manage issues in bonded warehouse which, to some extent, can respond rapidly to customer orders and dispatch products

Aviation
In aviation bonded store is place where you place those items which are not declare either serviceable or un-serviceable.